The municipality of Amsterdam, the Amsterdam Transport Region and the GVB have asked EVConsult to carry out a validation study in order to determine which choice of system can be implemented in the short term, for the step-up to zero-emission bus transport in 2025.

EVConsult has validated the choice of system and the valuation of the assessment criteria by means of desk research and in-depth interviews with experts. Based on a technical-, a TCO- and a multi-criteria-analysis, EVConsult has validated the choice of system. Our validation and recommendations were an important part of the report submitted in preparation of a formal administrative decision to introduce a first series of emission-free buses.

The final product was an advice that was shared with the municipal council and the board of GVB and the Amsterdam Transport Region.